CD Replication vs CD Duplication

CD duplication is often confused with CD replication, but there is a big difference between the two. Duplication is a basic copy; replication requires superior technology and expertise to produce an exact copy.

Why does this matter? Because:

  • A replicated, exact copy of a CD will work in a wide range of players.
  • With a duplicate, there’s no assurance that a CD player will be able to read it
  • Replication employs a glass master, enabling precise bulk replication and eliminating dust and pollen from the copying process

What is CD Duplication?

CD duplication services, or more commonly known as “burning,” in which optical disc authoring software transfers information to writable discs. CD duplication has become a routine activity as people everywhere copy their music discs or software for any number of reasons.

Patent Portfolio

Corporate Objectives

The underlying incentives for all patent portfolios are essentially the same; to maintain and increase future market share, to convert research and development investment into equity, and to avoid expensive patent litigation. These corporate patent goals are most efficiently accomplished by a tried and true patent housekeeping system.

Maintain Market Share

Your existing market share is maintained by preventing competitors from copying your company’s current products. There are only two choices; either file a patent application to own the new product design or dedicate the new design to the public domain upon its introduction, leaving it free for anyone to make and sell, usually without the burden of product development. Placing a product in the public domain not only allows the competition to take away your market share, it also diminishes corporate assets because the company’s investment in product development has also been “gifted” to the public. So long as a corporation is giving away its money to aid competitors, it will never get ahead.

Increase Market Share

A company or business unit normally increases market share with improved and/or less expensive products. After all, a salesperson sells price, quality and delivery. In most instances the quality and delivery are equal; therefore, the driving force of invention in the capitalistic world is usually price reduction, or at least product improvement without a price increase. Of course, good competitors are also striving to make it better and cheaper, but the company that gets in the lead will remain in the lead so long as it does not leave the barn door open by failing to patent the nuances of its products.

Corporate Assets

Technology moves along in small increments, rarely in flash of genius inventions. Patents are definite signposts of these increments and are, therefore, clear indicators of the health of a technology based company. Investments of venture capital in technology based companies are heavily dependent upon proprietary and patentable products. The patent portfolio remains a barometer as the company matures and is evaluated by Wall Street.

To Avoid Litigation

The best defense to patent litigation is a good offense. An average cost for one party involved in a patent law suit is more than one million dollars. The cost of a single law suit could exhaust the annual corporate patent budget for several years. Business executives are sometimes initially enamored with the prospect of doing battle with their competitors through their attorneys, but soon loose enthusiasm as the monthly legal bills pile up, their corporate financial records are opened to their competition, and their key personnel are tied up in lengthy depositions. The most effective way to avoid this litigation is to consciously remain on the offensive by prudently establishing and maintaining a well balanced patent portfolio.

Patents – Fast FAQs

What is a patent?

A patent is a government issued license granted to an inventor giving the inventor the legal right to prevent others from using, producing, practicing, manufacturing or selling that invention for a fixed period of time – usually 20 years.

How did patents originate?

In 1449, Henry VI of England granted John of Utynam a 20-year monopoly on a process for making stained glass in return for the requirement that John of Utynam teach the process to other glassmakers. This soon established a tradition of giving inventors short-term monopolies in return for them disclosing the specifics of their inventions to society.

What’s the benefit of a patent?

Imagine you created the infamous “better mousetrap,” only to discover your neighbor liked the idea enough to build your mousetraps and sell them without sharing his profits with you. You’d probably never try to create a better anything again.

But if you were given a patent for your mousetraps, your neighbor who liked the idea so much would have to negotiate some payment to you in order to build and sell them. Now you have greater incentive to come up with new inventions. That’s not just a benefit to you, but a benefit to society as well.

Is it easy to get a patent?

Easy is not a word you would use with the patent application and approval process. The application is ultimately complicated both legally and technically. Not adhering to the expected application standards and requirements can result in a patent application being denied. Actually, even when an application does meet all the requirements it’s often rejected the first time anyway as explained in https://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/43137/20200108/why-inventhelp-is-a-great-resource-for-new-inventors.htm post. Additional explanation or supporting materials are often required to resolve the patent examiner’s questions or objections. The process can easily take a year or more.

What kind of help do I need to file a patent application?

You will need the services of a patent agent or a patent attorney registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (”USPTO”). A registered agent or attorney is the only person who can represent you in a patent application.

What’s the difference between a patent agent and a patent attorney?

A patent agent has submitted qualifications demonstrating mastery of a technical or legal subject area and passed a test demonstrating knowledge of patent law and procedure, sufficient to effectively represent a patent applicant before the USPTO.

A patent attorney has passed the same test but is also a practicing lawyer able to provide the applicant with legal advice and serve in litigation.

You can find a number of patent law firms or patent agencies like InventHelp who can provide references and an up-front menu of fixed prices for specific services.

What does it cost to obtain a patent?

Between application fees and the cost of an agent or attorney, an average patent could cost between $5,000 and $30,000. The costs can certainly go higher for anything complex or complicated.

Rotary Tool Reviews

There are different kinds of tools used for providing precision as well as consistent speed. If you are looking for a tool that is multi functional then rotary tool Black and Decker is the ideal option. It possesses a number of features like grinding, cutting, polishing, routing, carving etc. You will come across different versions of these tools as you have both the corded and the cordless rotary tools. In order to get complete information about the tools, the best option is to read rotary tool Black and Decker reviews online by which you can collect details about the performance and the feedback from the customers. The reviews also deal with the features of the tool and how efficient is the working. The tools must be of high quality so that it can give finishing to the product.

The most important thing regarding Black and Decker tools is the performance which is really high. In case you need to adjust the speed then you have the dial by which you can perform this operation. The brushes which form the essential part can be changed after a period of time which means that the life of the tool can be increased. Thus you can say that it will be a durable tool and can be used for a longer time. In terms of operation you will find no problem as it has a smooth working without making any noise.

Giving a warranty to the tool is a good thought because if the performance is not satisfactory and if you find any trouble then it can be rectified without investing more money in to it. When it comes to the force of the tool then it is beyond comparison as it has overdone the expectations of the customers. The material and the blade used are of good quality just to make it the perfect product to be employed in organizations to complete work faster. The entire tool is tested such that there are no flaws when the customer or the end user uses it.

The versatility is another great characteristic of the above tools as it is designed keeping in mind the requirement which a customer may have. The tool is not only meant for a single task but can be employed to perform as many tasks you want.